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Absence of chromosome axis protein recruitment prevents meiotic recombination chromosome-wide in the budding yeast Lachancea kluyveri.
Sylvain Legrand, Asma Saifudeen, Hélène Bordelet, Julien Vernerey, Arnaud Guille, Amaury Bignaud, Agnès Thierry, Laurent Acquaviva, Maxime Gaudin, Aurore Sanchez, Dominic Johnson, Anne Friedrich, Joseph Schacherer, Matthew J Neale, Valérie Borde, Romain Koszul, Bertrand Llorente.
PNAS. 2024. doi:10.1073/pnas.2312820121

Meiotic recombination shows broad variations across species and along chromosomes and is often suppressed at and around genomic regions determining sexual compatibility such as mating type loci in fungi. Here, we show that the absence of Spo11-DSBs and meiotic recombination on Lakl0C-left, the chromosome arm containing the sex locus of the Lachancea kluyveri budding yeast, results from the absence of recruitment of the two chromosome axis proteins Red1 and Hop1, essential for proper Spo11-DSBs formation. Furthermore, cytological observation of spread pachytene meiotic chromosomes reveals that Lakl0C-left does not undergo synapsis. However, we show that the behavior of Lakl0C-left is independent of its particularly early replication timing and is not accompanied by any peculiar chromosome structure as detectable by Hi-C in this yet poorly studied yeast. Finally, we observed an accumulation of heterozygous mutations on Lakl0C-left and a sexual dimorphism of the haploid meiotic offspring, supporting a direct effect of this absence of meiotic recombination on L. kluyveri genome evolution and fitness. Because suppression of meiotic recombination on sex chromosomes is widely observed across eukaryotes, the mechanism for recombination suppression described here may apply to other species, with the potential to impact sex chromosome evolution.